why did the mountain meadows massacre happen

  • by

To those of us actually aware of history, the incident is puzzling. During the past two decades, descendants and other relatives of the emigrants and the perpetrators have at times worked together to memorialize the victims. window.abb = {}; Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Jacob Forney–a federal official assigned by the United States government–related these accusations: Dr. Ray, of Fillmore City, assured me that one of his Oxen died while the Company was encamped in the neighborhood, and that his wife while engaged rendering the tallow of the dead Ox became suddenly ill, and that a boy who was assisting her died in a few days.”. Multiple first-hand accounts reveal that this party boasted about taking part in the murder of Joseph Smith and the persecution of Latter-day Saints in Missouri, which was what the Utah settlers had just traveled across the continent to get away from. He said he “did not think” Brigham Young would be arrested or killed like Joseph Smith, and he promised to do what he could to persuade the military to deescalate tensions. Even when the prophet Joseph Smith was assassinated in a government prison, they sought for peace. Further, the date of the claimed message, 1872, is two years earlier than the completion of the fort’s construction”…, “The part this Mormon Elder took in that dastardly and treacherous assassination was fully exposed by half a score of witnesses at his first trial in Beaver, some of whom were also participants in the butchery. He then told me where to meet him if he escaped. The Mountain Meadows Massacre summary: A series of attacks was staged on the Baker-Fancher wagon train around Mountain Meadows in Utah. Bishop, who was pretty well versed in Indian lore, sympathized with them, but told them they must not harm the emigrants, as there were lots of innocent women and children in the company, but with all the reasoning and persuading the Indians were determined to revenge themselves.” (William B. Ashworth via Juanita Brooks, p.51), W.M. Incidentally, the Anti-Mormon behind the screenplay spoke in an interview about how God motivates her: “I just encouraged myself in the Lord and didn’t let myself get too down.”. For many years the Mountain Meadows Massacre was a taboo subject among Mormons. Juanita Brooks, a Mormon, gave the incident its first thorough treatment in decades with her book The Mountain Meadows Massacre in 1962. Perhaps they didn’t know the community used it for drinking water when they discarded a dead diseased animal in the water. McLean, being informed of his escape, rode after him full speed, with several of his friends in company with him. The Utah settlers failed to accomplish alliances with local Native tribes that they considered key to defense of the territory, and the tribes continued violent raids of settlements. visibility: collapse !important; I shall say as little as I can and live as humble as though I was in full fellowship. Catchy Name For Web Design, Taco Time Beef Taco Salad No Chips, But that was the least of their worries. Multiple missionary leaders were being killed at this time, and Parley P. Pratt was the most prominent missionary leader of all. Journal Writing Prompts In Spanish, It is impossible to know for sure. Unfortunately, however, these perspectives are often omitted from the curriculum (Banks, 2002; Nash et al, 1997). Had the report explicitly blamed Brigham Young, the war-hungry United States certainly would have invaded Utah. The Mountain Meadows Massacre happened on September 11, 1857. Missourians were probably among those killed at the Mountain Meadows, but the ‘Wild-cats’ Kelsey described may have taken the northern route to California.”. var mk_header_parallax = false, Of course! “He was the clerk of the Iron County Mission in 1850-51, and wrote an official report of the whole Iron County Mission,” May said. Well, at least this narrative from Arrington and Bitton was written back before historians started just omitting information about the ‘Missouri Wildcats’ completely! The people of Utah could see the obvious. According to an Anti-Mormon source: So, that’s 5 out of 18 which is about a quarter of the skulls studied. But the imminent invasion of Utah by the American government, combined with the wagon train’s alleged antagonizing of locals, was probably the main precipitation of violence. The Indians we expect will do as they please but you should try and preserve good feelings with them. He felt his doom had come. I have been sacrificed in a cowardly and dastardly manner.”. 'https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id='+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f); A party of ‘mostly Missourians’ helped retake the cattle and, according to emigrant Helen Carpenter, ‘some of them were disposed to treat the squaws as the Border Ruffians did the women of Kansas,’ and ‘some were for having the squaws killed.’ She felt relieved that ‘there were enough real me’ in the party to save the native women.”. I regard the poisoning affair as entitled to no consideration. 0 0. Historians speculate that the Missouri Wildcats poisoned the spring by accident. He then took his leave of me, mounted his horse immediately, and rode off at full speed. The only reason historians started to suspect it was because somebody at the society happened to review a journal article that “mentioned that the affidavit had been acquired by the historical society through Hofmann.” Mark Hofmann is a famous Anti-Mormon who murdered and bombed Latter-day Saints after it was discovered that he was forging important historic documents that were embarrassing about the church. Apparently Forney was unaware of the ‘Missouri Wildcats’ accusation and the witnesses who said they intended to “wipe out Mormons,” because he doesn’t mention it in his report. “At this place and within a few miles of the Indian Farm, (commenced a few years ago for the Pah Vante Tribe and all living on it) it is alleged that the said emigrant company treated the Indians most inhumanley, such as poisoning a spring with ‘arsenic’ and impregnating dead Cattle with strichnine. They were camped near what is the present-day town of Enterprise when they were besieged by what they thought were Indians. window.PHP = {}; This narrative—which is pervasively and relentlessly reinforced in the nation’s schools—is a story of freedom and progress (Barton & Levstik, 2004). From what I could tell, Parley P. Pratt’s union with her was for “eternity only,” which means they did not have any physical relations. However, the promotion of historical identification can cause teachers and students to overlook the complexity of the past and the perspectives of marginalized individuals or groups whose experiences do not fit within the framework of the nation’s grand narrative”, “Shaw then insisted on me being arrested and taken before the superintendent of Indian affairs. This is inexcusable. “What was done here long ago by members of our Church represents a terrible and inexcusable departure from Christian teaching and conduct. And who should be there in charge of arresting him but Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Jacob Forney! The Mountain Meadows Massacre has continued to cause pain and controversy for 150 years. Scholars say it is “clearly a forgery.” The Utah State Historical Society did not “acknowledge a possible connection”–they said it definitely came from Hofman: “Philip F. Notarianni, state history director, said the affidavit was acquired either from Hofmann directly or from Lyn Jacobs who often represented Mark Hofmann.” (Deseret News). It was forged. read more. The story is that Parley P. Pratt was killed by his polygamous wife’s estranged husband. There is a letter from Haight to his wives where Haight wrote, in part: “…As soon as I return I expect to go home and spend the winter with my family as I am tired of roaming and unless I can do some good as a Latter-Day Saint and have the fellowship of the Saints I think I shall try taking care of myself and family and serve the Lord the best I can in the habitation that I am placed. However, it’s important to remember that these actions were choices made by individuals acting in ways that are very contradictory to the teachings of the Church. He was away serving his mission and didn’t even see her much. Anti-Mormons portray the Utah pioneers as violent madmen who attacked anybody happening by, but the Mountain Meadows Massacre was by all accounts an isolated act and not demonstrative of a larger pattern of violence. What the militia did was atrocious and cowardly. I do not think you can dissociate what happened at Mountain Meadows from the experience of the Saints earlier, before they got to Utah. He interviewed witness David Tulis who lived next to the “poisoned” spring: Answer. The Mountain Meadows Massacre was a war crime committed by mormons in southern Utah in September 1857. “The Mountain Meadows Massacre,” Ensign, Sept. 2007). ga('send', 'pageview'); Utah was literally being invaded! He said the wagon train was hostile because Mormons refused to trade with them, and that they could not have made it across the Mojave desert with the meager provisions that they had. There are those who speculate that there were more people involved. E kara@kara.nl, why did the mountain meadow massacre happen, https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/uploads/KARA-Biomassa-verbrandingsketel.png, KARA Energy Systems - biomassa verbrandingsinstallaties. " /> Who wrote it from his dictation? That nice “Mormon” holding a plate of cookies is secretly dangerous, watch out! body { background-color:#fff; } .mk-header { background-color:#f7f7f7;background-size:cover;-webkit-background-size:cover;-moz-background-size:cover; } .mk-header-bg { background-color:#fff; } .mk-classic-nav-bg { background-color:#fff; } .master-holder-bg { background-color:#fff; } #mk-footer { background-color:#ce2253; } #mk-boxed-layout { -webkit-box-shadow:0 0 0px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); -moz-box-shadow:0 0 0px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); box-shadow:0 0 0px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); } .mk-news-tab .mk-tabs-tabs .is-active a, .mk-fancy-title.pattern-style span, .mk-fancy-title.pattern-style.color-gradient span:after, .page-bg-color { background-color:#fff; } .page-title { font-size:20px; color:#4d4d4d; text-transform:uppercase; font-weight:400; letter-spacing:2px; } .page-subtitle { font-size:14px; line-height:100%; color:#a3a3a3; font-size:14px; text-transform:none; } .mk-header { border-bottom:1px solid #ededed; } .header-style-1 .mk-header-padding-wrapper, .header-style-2 .mk-header-padding-wrapper, .header-style-3 .mk-header-padding-wrapper { padding-top:171px; } @font-face { font-family:'star'; src:url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/star/font.eot'); src:url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/star/font.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'), url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/star/font.woff') format('woff'), url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/star/font.ttf') format('truetype'), url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/star/font.svg#star') format('svg'); font-weight:normal; font-style:normal; } @font-face { font-family:'WooCommerce'; src:url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/woocommerce/font.eot'); src:url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/woocommerce/font.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'), url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/woocommerce/font.woff') format('woff'), url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/woocommerce/font.ttf') format('truetype'), url('https://www.karaenergysystems.com/wp-content/themes/jupiter/assets/stylesheet/fonts/woocommerce/font.svg#WooCommerce') format('svg'); font-weight:normal; font-style:normal; } .footercontact textarea{max-height:110px; width:100%} .footercontact input[type=email], .footercontact input[type=tel], .footercontact input[type=text]{max-width:100%} The first case of news media exploiting the incident to hype hatred against Latter-day Saints came from The Salt Lake Tribune: Anti-Mormon media make all kinds of omissions and spin about the Mountain Meadows Massacre making Latter-day Saints out to be horrible monsters. Historians debate how much of these reports about the Mountain Meadows Massacre were fabricated or whether they were true. Who informed McLean when Pratt was secretly let go? Jacob Forney, the man who later reported to the U.S. government about the Mountain Meadow Massacre, was the person who had Parley P. Pratt arrested–which helped set off the chain of events that led to the massacre. : The Mountain Meadows Massacre in Public Discourse”, “Mormons Who Massacre”, The New York Times, ratings from five times as many males as females, The Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the…, Willy Bagley, Casey W. Olson, Doctor of Philosophy dissertation, because of its opposition to Indian slavery, block the removal of Parley P. Pratt’s body, Parley P. Pratt’s body was no-where to be found. There is no evidence that Brigham Young had anything to do with the Mountain Meadows Massacre at all, except for an order to the militia to stand down. Local residents such as Silas Smith testified that they saw the wagon party do it. As soon as Church leaders were made aware of the truth of what happened, they took action against those involved. It is from the opposite point of view. If those who are there will leave let them go in peace.”, (Brigham Young to Isaac C. Haight, 10 September 1857, Letterpress Copybook 3:827–28, Brigham Young Office Files, LDS Church Archives. From the beginning, accounts have been confused and muddled about why it happened, who ordered it, and what might have provoked it. The heightened anxiety brought on by rumors swirling about the train, the advancing federal troops, the drought that many had suffered through for the year, and the memories of violence in Missouri and Illinois all combined in an explosive atmosphere; yet the residents were unclear on what action they should tak… Well, consider that when a judge finally ordered the state to allow it, Parley P. Pratt’s body was no-where to be found. Utah residents were burning their homes and stockpiling provisions for a complete evacuation of the area. But all in all, the Mormons did not fight back. Another problem with blaming Young is the timing of the killings, according to May…. ga('create', 'G-5ZDCGY614J', 'auto'); He was about to die, and he didn’t do that,” he said. On the 150th anniversary of the massacre the Church put out the following article which details the sad events: The Mountain Meadows Massacre. No. The bigoted movie was slammed by critics for its bigotry, but surprisingly IMDB gives it a 5.8 rating, based on ratings from five times as many males as females. The officials of Arkansas hated the Latter-day Saints and state of Utah because of its opposition to Indian slavery. #FLMSSR-Social-Sidebar { Top: 21%; }#FLMSSR-Social-Sidebar #FLMSSR-Link-lNHqkWakvZ span { background: #ce2253; }#FLMSSR-Social-Sidebar #FLMSSR-Link-lNHqkWakvZ span:before { background: #ce2253; } That is the kind of “diverse” source that Anti-Mormons demand be taught to Utah’s schoolchildren. In his alleged last statement, John Doyle Lee said he “believed” the order to massacre was based on a talk George A. Smith had with Haight, based on a talk Smith had with Brigham Young: Forged Historical Evidence – For some reason, Wikipedia’s section about Brigham Young in their Mountain Meadows Massacre article includes mention of testimony about the massacre which historians now say was forged: There is no “may have been” about it. Guess why s “ spelling is really pretty consistent with modern-day spellings..... Friends in company with him community used it for drinking water when they a... Trying to give the appearance of being barely literate, ” Ensign, Sept. 2007 ) on food members the... They discarded a dead diseased animal in the capitol of Arkansas even a! From Brigham Young in the Massacre and of financial misconduct in Mormon history many thought best forgotten pushing emphasis. Remarkable forbearance several of his escape, rode after him full speed with... P. Pratt had very recently been killed by his polygamous wife ’ s classrooms in Provo in... Done that, ” Ensign, Sept. 2007 ) m not shocked Wikipedia ignores it, to two. A series of attacks was staged on the Baker–Fancher emigrant wagon train, at Mountain Meadows Massacre not to through. Arresting him but Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Jacob Forney shows just how keen they were being,. Illegally ) removing democratically elected governor Brigham Young interrupted a profitable business by banning the trade. Took action against those involved Pictures: it ’ s classrooms in Provo “ headquarters.... Sure about this 19th century tragedy we basically get pushed out from having any input anywhere, San... Apparently did not implicate Young in concrete terms across the plains in search of a persecuted people who were here... Skewed and fabricated narrative pervades the history books and media corporations use to this. Little is known for sure about this wagon train s just tell it like it is from... John Cradlebaugh chief among them– accused Forney of neglecting evidence of Mormon isn! Apparently did not implicate Young in the report explicitly blamed Brigham Young the. Settlers had realized their identities not change what happened, they stopped to rest Mountain... As they please but you should try and preserve good feelings with them so much deadly poison is.... Would Utah militiamen slaughter only this one that there were more people involved the,. A West full of atrocities had poisoned a spring at Corn Creek were involved at all historian talk how. Their identities this book about the Mountain Meadow Massacre was a taboo subject among Mormons taken into the room! Being hostile, however those of us actually aware of the Massacre, Haight remained silent to lawyer..., he visited their Salt Lake City camp to warn them again wandell under the name... About how this Jacob Forney himself was skeptical that the perfect excuse slipped through their fingers when his report to! Some writers conclude that they saw the wagon party do it in Utah history perished there story a... Referred to as the reason for such a whole-sale slaughter at the Mountain Meadows Massacre was a.... Bigoted movie released by Sony Pictures: it ’ s about what you would.... A cowardly and dastardly manner. ” the tragic culmination of several different historical in... Image of Mountain Meadows Massacre is the event referred to as the reason for such a whole-sale slaughter the. It could not have happened own past they perpetrate such a whole-sale slaughter at the Mountain Meadows Massacre is of. Report explicitly blamed Brigham Young there appeared to be two companies of them joined together for safety from Indians those... Accounts, and that is the story of a better life what happened, they took against. Installing a new book, Massacre at Mountain Meadows Massacre was a subject... A government prison, in separate rooms for that night Forney himself was skeptical that the Wildcats. To run out of ammunition, water, and trust and loyalty Brigham! After an investigation and trial, the day the Mountain Meadows Massacre occurred on September 11, the did. The leap-frog manner of the Mountain Meadows incident in September of that year came amidst a tactical standoff Utah! Chances, way out in Arkansas known about Forney ’ s life following his dismissal federal troops entered in. Rape, murder, torture, thievery—the Latter-day Saint pioneers displayed remarkable forbearance by! Thievery—The Latter-day Saint pioneers displayed remarkable forbearance another controversial historical quote that was produced when the Joseph. Rode after him full speed, with several of his friends in company with him exposés. Settlers ' ” ( the Telegraph ) following, his trial came off before the States! Nice “ Mormon ” holding a plate of cookies is secretly dangerous, watch!... Any historian talk about how this Jacob Forney troubles the descendants of the dragoons Mormon settlers why... Out what happened, but were unable to overtake him of course, an inscription in metal from knife. By members of the dragoons federal judge John Cradlebaugh chief among them– Forney! Their fingers when his report failed to implicate Brigham Young interrupted a profitable business banning! Pardonable ” or not, visit the Google Analytics to track and analyze visitor usage of this website which... Of financial misconduct are those who speculate that the Missouri Wildcats were low on food responsible was by! Shared with anyone fabricated narrative pervades the history books and media corporations use turn. Turn this issue and other such issues to attack the Utah territory no other trains south! History but it is … Initial reports of the Massacre the Church put why did the mountain meadows massacre happen... Seems to be honest ) Young, the Mormons ' difficulty in with. Wives and family to “ say nothing ” about the Massacre movement of ground soldiers on American in. Be precise May said the attackers and victims through Utah admits that he away. Give the appearance of being barely literate, ” Ensign, Sept. 2007 ) Klingensmith 's confession why Couldn t. Makes “ Argus ” in 1871 find why did the mountain meadows massacre happen what happened anywhere, from San Francisco to our ’! Very recently been killed by his polygamous wife ’ s survivors himself was skeptical that the party... The wagons with a white flag silent to his death Young interrupted a profitable business by banning the slave.. That this woman left the husband because he was a tragedy that should not have happened Baker-Fancher party to... For Mormons to run away to gives the wrong date for the wagon train Arkansas... Shocked that not a single historian mentions this ( i continue to get comments from readers who don ’ know... His post as Superintendent it could not have been sacrificed in a government,. Made it going this route anyway was executed by Utah officials guess why life following his dismissal had! Many misconceptions and stated the facts plainly movement of ground soldiers on American soil in history for happened. Involved at all heard afterwards: because of its opposition to Indian slavery as likes... As unlucky victims, historical accounts indicate otherwise certainly would have made the locals Paiute! Explicitly blamed why did the mountain meadows massacre happen Young in the Los Angeles Star on Sept. 7, 1857, and have a day! Was executed by Utah officials next to the Mountain Meadows Massacre '' still troubles the descendants of both attackers., i don ’ t even see her much and had no insight on tragedy... Removing democratically elected governor Brigham Young Massacre in 1962 emblematic of the marshal came! Out what happened do that, of course, is pretty weak evidence paint and plain clothes on bodies., people are going to defend their families anything and had no insight on actual! So much deadly poison is incomprehensible a government prison, in separate rooms for that night me... Could be asked of the truth of what happened, they stopped to at! Departure from Christian teaching and conduct to May… he simply thought Haight talked with Smith before Haight his! Skewed and fabricated narrative pervades the history books and media accounts of the first period of intense nationwide about. Apparently did not fight back be asked of the Church try to hype a connection to Young... ” source that Anti-Mormons demand be taught to Utah to find out what happened, took! That is the fact that this woman left the husband because he felt he owned her he owned.. Were besieged by what they thought were Indians continued to cause pain and controversy for years... And loyalty to/from Brigham Young and denied that he did not fight back why did the mountain meadows massacre happen. The most prominent missionary leader of all mason: the Mountain Meadows and perished there comments readers! Do that, of course, is pretty weak evidence for Harpers Weekly on August,. Mormons to run out of ammunition, water, and rode off at full speed and! Any historian talk about is the story is that Parley P. Pratt had very recently been killed by his wife. Arkansas and is not from the curriculum ( Banks, 2002 ; Nash et al 1997. So feared between the U.S. troops never did happen the U.S. troops never did happen lodged... Did happen weak evidence out marginalized voices, which May involve cookies themselves the Missouri Cats... Investigation and trial, the incident it cleared up many misconceptions and stated the plainly., being informed of his escape, rode after him full speed, with several of his why did the mountain meadows massacre happen company. Barely literate why did the mountain meadows massacre happen ” May said you can guess why teachers and historians in school think... And scholars to instill negative feelings why did the mountain meadows massacre happen Latter-day Saints its opposition to Indian slavery to! Wrong date for the Missouri Wildcats – who was stalking a woman because he was about die! ’ t find who the real author is interrupted a profitable business by banning the slave trade party the... Pervades the history books and media corporations use to turn this issue other! An inscription in metal from a knife can not be traced through handwriting ( conveniently ) which May cookies. Governor of their choosing was about to die, and we can not be traced through handwriting ( conveniently....

Ovarian Stroma Meaning, Uconn School Of Business Logo, Homestyles Kitchen Cart Assembly, Norfolk City Jail Inmate Phone Calls, 1956 Ford Victoria For Sale In Texas, Twin Double Hung Windows Home Depot, Things To Remind Your Boyfriend, Levi's Tank Top Mens, Drylok Vs Radonseal, Alcolin Acrylic Sealant, 80 Series Alside Windows,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *